According to the news, Burma's junta recently announced that it was ready to start reconciliation talks with opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi if she would stop her "confrontation" tactics and support of sanctions against the country. General Than Shwe's illogical accusation against her for what has been happening in Burma is totally irrelevant to the ongoing atrocities such as beating to death, random shootings and the illegal arrests against the citizens of Burma. The crisis was originated with the sky high price of the gas that triggered the public sentiment followed by the huge protests by the Buddhist monks, who had decided to appeal the regime by sacrificing their lives for the welfare of the general public. Remember, none of these Buddhist monks were the members of NLD. Some critics of Burma even criticized the NLD for its lack of enthusiasm engaging and playing a leading role in that uprising.
To be summed up, Daw Suu or NLD never orchestrated the current uprising. The patience of NLD has amazed the world. Beyond that, NLD with its peaceful dialogue policy toward the regime had offered the regime the legitimacy to rule the country if the regime agreed to engage in the meaningful dialogue with NLD. In addition, the sanctions by the international community are not because Daw Suu but the freewill of the world. If it wants the sanctions to be lifted, the regime must make the first move until the international community's satisfaction has met.
In reality, Than Shwe's dialogue proposal is nothing new but an attempt to relieve the international pressure especially UNSC. Parenthetically, the regime's ongoing suppressions, killings and arrests of the Buddhist monks, the people including the UN officials in Rangoon and elsewhere in Burma while Mr. Gambari was waiting to see Than Shwe were insults and outrageous for the world's community. Gen. Than Shwe (and his advisers) know very much how to screw up international communities to take time to clean his mess and to prepare for his next strategy. And he also knows well that every time the regime releases such statement the international community walk away from the reality, and the regime continues on doing what it supposes to do in order to remain in power. As a matter of fact, the regime's delay and divert technique, in combination with the protection of China, work well and it always survive in the long run. In this case, the enthusiasm of UNSC and the world's body will be melt down into Than Shwe's proposal for sure resulting more bloodshed and arrests by the regime will helplessly go on.
In conclusion, as the activists overseas our anti China Campaign especially boycott 2008 Olympic Campaign must go on world wide until China gives up its bad influence on the regime in Burma. Unfortunately, more bloods and sacrifices will be in place in Burma in the meantime due to the hopelessness and prevailing hardships people are suffering of all aspects.
How and why had you get the idea to run this petition to endorse Nobel Peace prize to Buddhist monks, and why are these monks suitable enough for Nobel prize '2007?
I got the idea for giving the monks the Nobel Peace Prize when I read an article by Michael Gerson in the Washington Post. He called the monks a "symbol of conscience for a young century." I think this reflects the fact that many people alive today around the world are not familiar with the civil rights struggle in the American south, the anti-apartheid movement in South Africa, the anti-colonial movements, or even the 1988 uprisings. We have never really known Gandhi, Martin Luther King, Lech Walesa, and even Nelson Mandela is seen as a historical figure but not really a current human rights icon. In the meantime, we see religion used by politicians and terrorists to justify horrible things. I have heard some people say that we don't really even have heroes in the 21st century.
All of the sudden, millions of people around the world saw the monks protesting against one of the cruelest dictatorships in the world. These religious leaders are risking their safety to protest and protect their people. People watching this for the first time experienced a new set of dynamics and how a few brave people can be so dedicated to peace and hopefulness. The protests were not wild marches or armed insurrections, but rather very spiritual. I think the world was impressed with them and saw something we have not seen for a long, long time. People will remember this.
In the past few years, the Nobel Committee has awarded the prize to environmentalists, microfinance entrepreneurs, and other activists. These people have done great work, but not necessarily related to peace. Now, I think we have seen the 21st century versions of Desmond Tutu, Nelson Mandela, and Gandhi. I just thought it was right that they should get the Noble Peace Prize.
-Nobel committee had never awarded their Peace Prize to a religion nor any kind of religious movement. Do you assume that these monks' demonstration is any thing rather than religious activity?
The Nobel Committee hasn't provided the award to a religion, but it has provided the prize to religious leaders. In 1984, it gave the award to Archbishop Desmond Tutu of South Africa. In 1989, the Dalai Lama received it in large part for his work on promoting peace and peaceful support for rights in Tibet. One of the winners in 1996 was a Roman Catholic Bishop, Carlos Filipe Ximenes Belo of East Timor, for his work on promoting East Timor's independence. In 1979, they gave the award to Mother Teresa for her work in India. Martin Luther King was also a religious preacher in the US and he won the award in 1964.
The Committee has sometimes also given the award to groups or NGOs that do good work.
I think the focus of the Committee is who has provided the greatest example of leadership for peaceful change. This year, I think the monks are that group of people who have demonstrated the power of peaceful protest and shown the world the power of peace in the face of brutality. Thus, I don't think the Committee would see it as awarding a religion so much as a dedicated group of people.
-Let me know your background and your current activities.
I am a student at Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies, focusing on Southeast Asian Studies. I am also a law student at Georgetown interested in environmental law. I focus mostly on environmental issues, such as environmental laws in Indonesia and Philippines.
-Burmese monks had given a big price for their peaceful movement. May it be the symbol of partial failure of peace in our young century?
The tools of peace are never going to bring about rapid change. All of the previous Nobel Prize winners I listed above did not see their goals realized for several years after they received the prize.
Martin Luther King was killed before desegregation in the South was finally achieved. The Dalai Lama still cannot return to Tibet. So in a sense I think we should not expect too much of the peaceful protests.
With that said, I really do think the monks attracted a huge amount of world attention and maybe will reduce the legitimacy of the regime among Burma's army. If it succeeds in that, that would already be a lot. Change in Burma may take a while, but I think historians will look back at this moment as the beginning of change.
The United Nations Security Council, as well as the whole of the international community, is witness to how the Burmese Military government has arrested, beaten, and killed lay-people and monks for participating in peaceful demonstrations calling for national reconciliation and a solution to the current economic and political crisis.
The military regime has sent monks to prisons and hard labor camps throughout Burma, forcibly disrobing them. Many monks have also been brutally killed by regime soldiers. Moreover, the regime troops are continuing their nighttime raids of monasteries and Buddhist teaching centers, arresting and killing monks. They have laid siege to the pagodas and monasteries as if they were enemy military camps. It is very clear that the military regime has defied the demands of Burma’s monks, brutally cracking down on the recent peaceful demonstrations and arresting thousands of monks, just to keep their hold on power.
The regime’s attacks on monasteries have caused Burma’s monks to live in a state of alarm, in fear for their lives. We cannot share the Buddha’s teachings or continue to practice as monks under these conditions.
We believe that the United Nations Security Council sympathizes with the situation of the Burmese people and the clergy. Thus, we earnestly request the Security Council’s intervention in Burma to stop the military regime’s violence.
ニューヨーク近代美術館のパーマネントコレクションにユンハンス マックスビルは指定されています。ニューヨーク近代美術館の別名は、ミュージアム・オブ・モダン・アート、通称ＭｏＭＡ。ＭｏＭＡに展示されている作品は、建築物、近代的で特徴的なデザインをもつ製品、家電、家具、食器、織物・生地、スポーツカー、飛行機、ヘリコプター、そして時計などです。ユンハンス マックスビルはそのシンプルで、これ以上削るところも、増やすところもない、不変的な完成されたデザインが高く評価されＭｏＭＡに永久保存されています。